1. The paleo or “cave man” diet is one of the many new(ish) diets that have been talked about a lot lately. This diet is low in carbohydrates, high in fat, and focused on foods eaten by Stone Age people. There are many holes and missing pieces to this diet and as a dietitian I do not support it. This article pointedly discusses genetic evolution and its relationship to food and agriculture. It supports the notion that a shift from hunter-gatherers to agriculture is not the reason for an increase in chronic degenerative diseases. If you are trying to lose weight this may not be the diet for you as it is extremely high in fat. Talk to a Registered Dietitian to find a plan for you.
2. Speaking of chronic diseases, “ultra-processed” foods are contributing to obesity and heart disease. These foods contain manufactured ingredients that aren’t used when cooking from scratch. Think: artificial flavors, colors, sweeteners, preservatives, and other additives. Many of these ultra-processed foods are also high in sugar, saturated fat, and sodium. These components add to the risk for obesity, heart disease and high blood pressure, and diabetes. Your best bet to avoid these foods, such as soda, packaged snacks, processed meats, and instant soups, is to eat fresh! Shop on the perimeter of the grocery store and get as many fresh ingredients as possible.
3. In the world of sports nutrition, a new study has looked into a “sleep-low” sports diet. This entails a low carbohydrate dinner so the next day any workouts would force the body to use fat as fuel. The study showed that athletes following the sleep-low diet performed better after training. Examples of a sleep-low diet dinner would be a lean protein (e.g. chicken, fish, turkey, beef, pork) and tons of nonstarchy vegetables. Some smart complex carbohydrates that could be included would be legumes and quinoa.